• <tr id='l3lfen'><strong id='l3lfen'></strong><small id='l3lfen'></small><button id='l3lfen'></button><li id='l3lfen'><noscript id='l3lfen'><big id='l3lfen'></big><dt id='l3lfen'></dt></noscript></li></tr><ol id='l3lfen'><option id='l3lfen'><table id='l3lfen'><blockquote id='l3lfen'><tbody id='l3lfen'></tbody></blockquote></table></option></ol><u id='l3lfen'></u><kbd id='l3lfen'><kbd id='l3lfen'></kbd></kbd>

    <code id='l3lfen'><strong id='l3lfen'></strong></code>

    <fieldset id='l3lfen'></fieldset>
          <span id='l3lfen'></span>

              <ins id='l3lfen'></ins>
              <acronym id='l3lfen'><em id='l3lfen'></em><td id='l3lfen'><div id='l3lfen'></div></td></acronym><address id='l3lfen'><big id='l3lfen'><big id='l3lfen'></big><legend id='l3lfen'></legend></big></address>

              <i id='l3lfen'><div id='l3lfen'><ins id='l3lfen'></ins></div></i>
              <i id='l3lfen'></i>
            1. <dl id='l3lfen'></dl>
              1. <blockquote id='l3lfen'><q id='l3lfen'><noscript id='l3lfen'></noscript><dt id='l3lfen'></dt></q></blockquote><noframes id='l3lfen'><i id='l3lfen'></i>
                行业英语 学英语,练听力,上听力课堂! 注册 登录
                > 行业英语 > 金融英语 > 金融时报原文≡阅读 >  第67课

                印度穆斯林州的牛肉禁令

                所属教程:金融时报原文阅读

                浏览:

                qinting

                2019年12月22日

                手机版
                扫描二维码方便学习和分享

                印度穆斯林州的牛肉禁令

                印度一些主要▼为穆斯林居住的州实施牛肉禁令,引起了巨大的社会反响。一些法官认为牛肉的买卖严重地影响了当地人的宗教情绪,督促当局严格实施禁牛肉法令。然而社会各界却有不同意见,一些人≡认为禁牛令侵犯了他们遵循饮食习惯的自由。

                测试中可能遇到的词汇和知识:

                slaughter 屠杀

                enforcement 实施

                enthusiastic 狂热的

                separatist insurgency 分裂分子的暴乱

                religious sentiments 宗教情感

                India's only Muslim-majority state hit by beef ban(499words)

                By Amy Kazmin in New Delhi

                Authorities in India's only Muslim-majority state,Jammu and Kashmir,have been ordered to enforce a 150-year-old beef ban — the latest step in a campaign by Hindu nationalists to stop the slaughter of cows that they revere as deities.

                Acting on a public interest litigation brought by a Hindu lawyer,the Jammu and Kashmir High Court instructed law enforcement officials to “strictly enforce” an 1862 ban on slaughtering cows,which had been imposed by the then maharaja,a Hindu.

                Kashmir's Muslim population are enthusiastic meat eaters,although the most popular meats — and those prepared for festivals — are lamb and chicken. But beef is eaten by poor families who cannot always afford more expensive meats.

                In recent decades,Kashmir's law enforcement agencies have been focused on battling a violent separatist insurgency and social unrest by Kashmiri Muslims,and paid little heed to a beef ban buried in the statute books.

                But the two Hindu judges of the high court urged the police chief to take firm action against the slaughter and sale of beef after a petition that said such practices “severely affected religious sentiments” of the state's Hindu minority.

                “Kashmiris are lamb eaters not beef eaters,but the ban is provocative,” said Basharat Peer,author of Curfewed Nights,a celebrated memoir about growing up at the height of the Kashmiri separatist insurgency.

                “It is just another effort to promote cultural hegemony of the Hindu nationalists. It's none of their business what we eat.”

                The decision to enforce Kashmir's beef ban comes amid growing public fears that Prime Minister Narendra Modi's Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party is imposing the dietary restrictions of some of India's religious faiths on the entire population — ostensibly out of respect for “religious sentiments”.

                In March,the BJP government in the state of Maharashtra introduced a draconian ban on the sale and consumption of beef,which Christians and Muslims said was a clear violation of their right to follow their own dietary traditions and habits.

                Mumbai is also in the midst of a public furore over a four-day ban on the sale of any meat in the city — and in the entire state of Rajasthan — during a festival of India's Jain community,a minority who are strict vegetarians.

                “It isn't about meat. It isn't about religion. It is about using state power to impose your preferences on another in a free country,” Chetan Bhagat,the best-selling Indian author told his 5.6m Twitter followers,commenting on the Mumbai ban. “The state,government and laws in a democracy are designed to protect people's freedom not take it away.”

                About 30 per cent of Indians are vegetarians but many believe they are on a spiritually higher plane than their meat-eating compatriots and often try to promote vegetarianism in public life.

                In the state of Madhya Pradesh,for example,Chief Minister Shivraj Singh Chouhan,a member of the BJP,has opposed proposals to provide regular eggs to poor children as part of a state programme to battle malnutrition.

                1.Why beef is eaten by poor families in Kashmir?

                A.They have different appetite

                B.They raise cattle

                C.Beef is more delicious

                D.They cant afford more expensive meat

                [1] 答案

                2.Why Kashmir's law enforcement agencies pay little attention to beef ban?

                A.They don't want to ban beef strictly

                B.They focus on the separatist insurgency and social unrest

                C.They just forgot it

                D.They are opposed by the public

                [2] 答案

                3.What is Christians and Muslims' attitude toward the draconian ban of beef in the state of Maharashtra?

                A.They support it due to religious sentiment

                B.They regard it violates their right and habits

                C.It is not influential at all

                D.They agree that they benefited from it

                [3] 答案

                4.Chetan Bhagat is the best-selling Indian author. What is his comment on beef ban?

                A.Government and laws should protect people's freedom

                B.It is hard to implement

                C.Public should follow it strictly

                D.It respects to religion

                [4] 答案

                [1]答案:D.They cant afford more expensive meat

                解释:第三段最后一句,穷人吃不起更贵的肉类所以吃牛肉。

                [2]答案:B.They focus on the separatist insurgency and social unrest

                解释:第四段,讲Kashmir的执法机构把重心放在了分裂分子的暴乱和社会动荡上。

                [3]答案:B.They regard it violates their right and habits

                解释:倒数第五段,他们认为对牛肉的禁止侵犯了他们的权利——遵循他们传统的饮食习惯。

                [4]答案:A.Government and laws should protect people's freedom

                解释:倒数第三段,这个作家说,你不能把个人喜好强加给别人,特别是在这个自由的国度。政府应该保护人们的自由而不是取走他们。

                内容来自 听力课『堂网:/show-10253-461269-1.html
                用手机学英语,请加听力课堂微信公众号:tingclass123
                用户搜索

                疯狂英语 英语语法 新概念英语 走遍美国 四级听力 英语音标 英语入门 发音 美语 四级 新东方 七年级 赖世雄 zero是什么意思

                • 频道推荐
                • |
                • 全站推荐
                • 广播听力
                • |
                • 推荐下载
                • 网站推荐